Adolphe Sax was an instrument maker who originally came from Belgium and was now working in Paris. He presents, for the first time, a new instrument. The concept had an objective of creating a wind instrument capable of being useful for the military band which by its very nature has to perform in the outdoor.
Brass instruments were, and still are, best suited for this role. Woodwinds simply cannot compete with them as far as sound projection which is crucial in this context. Sax’s vision was to combine the brilliance and volume characteristics of the brass family, basically using metal as its base material with the features which make the woodwind instruments so flexible and virtuosic. With this in mind, he merged the key system borrowed from the woodwind instrument such as the flute with a single reed embouchure, like that used by the clarinet, and gave it a brass body adopted from the brass.
The saxophone was born.